Enterprises are managed using Active Directory (AD) and it often forms the backbone of the complete enterprise network. Therefore, to secure an enterprise from an adversary, it is inevitable to secure its AD environment. To secure AD, you must understand different techniques and attacks used by adversaries against it. Often burdened with maintaining backward compatibility and inter-operability with a variety of products, AD environments lack ability to tackle latest threats.
This training is aimed towards attacking modern AD Environment using built-in tools, scripting languages and other trusted OS resources. The training is based on real world penetration tests and Red Team engagements for highly secured environments. Some of the techniques (see the course content for details), used in the course:
- Extensive AD Enumeration
- Active Directory trust mapping and abuse.
- Privilege Escalation (User Hunting, Delegation issues and more)
- Kerberos Attacks and Defense (Golden, Silver ticket, Kerberoast and more)
- Abusing cross forest trust (Lateral movement across forest, PrivEsc and more)
- Abusing SQL Server trust in AD (Command Execution, trust abuse, lateral movement)
- Abusing Exchange Servers
- Credentials Replay Attacks (Over-PTH, Token Replay etc.)
- Persistence (DCShadow, WMI, GPO, ACLs and more)
- Defenses (JEA, PAW, LAPS, Deception, App Whitelisting, Advanced Threat Analytics etc.)
- Bypassing defenses
The course is a mixture of fun, demos, exercises, hands-on and lecture. You start from compromise of a user desktop and work your way up to complete forest pwnage. The training focuses more on methodology and techniques than tools.
Attendees will get free one month access to an Active Directory environment comprising of multiple domains and forests, during and after the training.
Day 1 – AD Essentials, getting a foothold and escalating privileges
- Introduction to Active Directory and Kerberos
- Introduction to PowerShell
- Domain Enumeration (Attacks and Defense)
- Trust and Privileges Mapping
- Local Privilege Escalation
- Credential Replay Attacks (Over-PTH, Token Replay etc.)
- Domain Privilege Escalation (Attacks and Defense)
- Dumping System and Domain Secrets
Day 2 – Lateral movement across trusts, persistence and defense bypasses
- Kerberos Attacks and Defense (Golden, Silver tickets and more)
- Attacks across domain trust
- Attacks across forest trust (SIDHistory, Foreign Security Principals, ACLs)
- Delegation Issues (Unconstrained and Constrained)
- Active Directory ACLs abuse
Day 3 – Persistence, defense and bypasses
- Persistence and Backdoor Techniques
- Abusing SQL Server Trusts in an AD Environment
- Abusing Exchange Server
- Detecting attack techniques
- Monitoring AD
- Defending AD (JEA, PAW, LAPS, Deception, Selective Auth, Deception, App Whitelisting, ATA etc.)
- Bypassing Defenses
- Basic understanding of how penetration tests are done.
- Basic understanding of Active Directory.
- An open mind.
System with 4 GB RAM and ability to install OpenVPN client and RDP to Windows boxes.
Nikhil Mittal is a hacker, infosec researcher, speaker and enthusiast. His area of interest includes penetration testing, attack research, defense strategies and post exploitation research. He has 10+ years of experience in Penetration Testing for his clients, which include many global corporate giants. He is also a member of Red teams of selected clients.
He specializes in assessing security risks at secure environments which require novel attack vectors and “out of the box” approach. He has worked extensively on using Human Interface Device in Penetration Tests and PowerShell for post exploitation. He is creator of Kautilya, a toolkit which makes it easy to use HIDs in penetration tests and Nishang, a post exploitation framework in PowerShell. In his spare time, Nikhil researches on new attack methodologies and updates his tools and frameworks.
Nikhil has held trainings and boot camps for various corporate clients (in US, Europe and SE Asia), and at the world’s top information security conferences.
He has spoken/trained at conferences like DefCON, BlackHat, CanSecWest, BruCON, 44CON, Shakacon and more.
He blogs at www.labofapenetrationtester.com
Twitter : @nikhil_mitt